Electrical Testing / Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR)
What is electrical installation condition reporting?
The Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) came into affect on 1st January 2012 and replaces the Periodic Inspection Report.
Electrical Installation Condition Report is the regular testing of all electrical installations required to check that all the electrics of that building are safe and up to the current electrical regulations, currently 17th edition BS7671 2011, amendment 1 2012.
Here is general outline of main points of the new Electrical Installation Condition Report:The main changes
- Re-naming as a ‘Condition’ report.
- New report schedules
- New Observation Codes
- New re-designed Forms and Schedules
- Two columns for recording results.
- Schedules for different types of installation ie. Single cu, Multiple dist boards and Sub-main circuits.
- The schedules include lists of items to be checked including regs numbers.
- Model Forms will be included in Appendix 6 of BS7671 as they are now.
- The 3 new Observation Codes
Changes to the Observation Codes to help make reporting more consistent between inspectors and making priorities clearer.
There will now be 3 codes instead of 4.
- Old PIR Code 1- Requires Urgent Attention changes to Code C1- Danger Present
- Old PIR Code 2- Requires Improvement changes to Code C2- Potentially Dangerous
- Old PIR Code 3- Requires further investigation changes to Code C3- Improvement Recommended
- The existing PIR Code 4 ‘Does not comply with BS 7671:2008? will no longer be used.
- There is also a revised Guidance Notes for Recipients.
Purpose of electrical installation condition reporting?
The main purpose of periodic inspection and testing is to detect so far as is reasonably practicable, and to report on, any factors impairing or likely to impair the safety of an electrical installation.
The aspects include all of the following:-
- Safety of persons against the effects of electric shock and burns
- Protection against damage to property by fire and heat arising from an installation defect
- Confirmation that the installation is not damaged or deteriorated so as to impair safety
- Identification of non-compliance’s with the current issue of BS 7671 (IEE Wiring regulations for electrical installations), or installation defects, which may give rise to danger.
Is electrical installation condition reporting necessary?
Periodic inspection and testing is necessary because all electrical installations deteriorate due to a number of factors such as damage, wear, tear, corrosion, excessive electrical loading, ageing and environmental influences.
- Legislation requires that electrical installations are maintained in a safe condition and therefore must be periodically inspected and tested.
- Licensing authorities, public bodies, insurance companies, mortgage lenders and others may require periodic inspection and testing of electrical installations.
- Additionally, periodic inspection and testing should be considered:
- To assess compliance with BS7671 (IEE Wiring regulations for electrical installations),
- On a change of occupancy of the premises
- On a change of use of the premises
- After alterations to the original installation
- Because of any significant change in the electrical loading of the installation
- Where there is reason to believe that damage may have been caused to the installation
How often does my electrical installation need to be Tested?
The approved electrician who initially installed the wiring and conducted the first test decides how long before the next test should be due and a periodic test sticker should be displayed on the consumer unit (or fuse box) See diagram below:
After the initial inspection the next approved electrician to test the installation will then decide how long they recommends until the next inspection should be done.
- 5-10 years or change of occupancy for domestic buildings
- 3-5 years or change of occupancy for commercial & industrial buildings
- 1-3 years for special installations such as swimming pools & caravan parks etc.
If there is not a periodic test sticker on the consumer unit and there are no official records available you must assume the installation has not been tested for a while and so it is required to be tested for overall safety and peace of mind.
What’s involved with electrical installation condition reporting?
A periodic test consists of various electrical tests:-
- Protective conductors continuity
- Bonding conductors continuity
- Ring circuit continuity
- Insulation resistance
- Earth electrode resistance (where applicable, TT systems)
- Earth fault loop impedance
- Functional tests
RCD, MCB’s, Isolators & Switching devices
As well as visual inspections of all accessories e.g., consumer units, socket outlets, switches, light fittings etc.
The approved electrician conducting the periodic test will need to gain access to as much of the electrical installation as possible. But cables concealed within trucking and conduits, or cables and conduits concealed under floors, in roof spaces and generally within the fabric of the building or underground are not inspected.
Who can carry out electrical installation condition reporting?
Only a fully qualified approved electrician should conduct periodic testing because they have many years experience and all the necessary qualifications to carry out a safe and thorough test.
They must have a valid calibration certificate for there test instrument and the client and or occupant must be given a copy of the test certificate as proof of the results of the test.
As every installation is different please call for your individual quotation or alternatively you can email us.
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